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 Auto Shock & Suspension Repairs 

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Suspension

Non-independent suspension

Many rear wheel drive cars have non-independent suspension, usually at the rear. A solid axle connects the wheels on each side. When one wheel is deflected by a bump the other wheel is deflected because of the solid connection between them. This can cause stability and traction problems. Non-independent suspensions are most commonly used in four wheel drive vehicles and trucks as they can carry heavy loads and are very rugged.

Independent suspension

The independent suspension offers a more comfortable ride and better handling characteristics simply because each wheel reacts separately from the others. When the wheel on one side hits a bump there is no reaction from any other wheel. Suspensions should be checked in accordance with the manufacturer’s recommendations. There are a number of parts that are susceptible to wear particularly spring and suspension arm bushes.

Shock absorbers

The springs help to keep the wheel in contact with the road are assisted by the shock absorber. Once the spring compresses it rebounds and this happens over and over, like oscillations on a screen. The shock absorber dampens this motion.

The shock absorber does not absorb shocks (that’s the job of the springs), it dampens the effect of the oscillating springs. It achieves this by passing hydraulic fluid or gas between chambers.

The shock absorber is a cylindrical chamber with a piston in the middle. The bottom of the shock absorber is attached to the lower suspension arm and the top is fixed to the car’s body.

When the wheel hits a bump the piston moves up in the cylinder and fluid or gas passes through small valves in the piston from the top of the chamber to the bottom.

When the wheel rebounds the piston moves down in the chamber and the fluid or gas moves in the opposite direction.

This in effect dampens the motion of the spring and stabilises the body.

The result is a comfortable ride and the wheels stay in contact with the road. The above components combine in various ways to make up the suspension system and there are two types of systems, the non-independent and independent suspension.

Springs

Leaf springs.The leaf spring is a long flat metal bar. It can be one or a number of leaves joined together. One end is attached to a pivot on the body, the centre is attached to the axle (by U-bolts) and a moving bracket (shackle) attaches the other end to the car’s body. When the wheel hits a bump in the road it moves upwards. The spring flexes and as it is fixed on one end (the pivot) the other end swings on the shackle. The flexing of the spring pushes the wheel downwards to keep it in contact with the road.

Coil springs.The coil spring sits on the lower suspension arm, which can pivot. It is fixed at the top to the car body or cross-member. When the wheel hits a bump it is deflected upwards and this moves the lower suspension arm, which compresses the spring. The spring forces the lower suspension arm downwards and this keeps the wheel in contact with the road.

Torsion bars. The torsion bar is a long round metal bar. It is attached to the lower suspension arm, which pivots and is fixed at the opposite end to the car body or chassis. When the wheel hits a bump the lower suspension arm is deflected, which causes the torsion bar to twist. It immediately resists this twisting motion and forces the wheel downwards.

Epping Motors

Car Mechanic in Pennant Hills (Epping Motors PTY LTD) Car Service, Brake Repairs, Car Air Condit... 
342 Pennant Hills Rd, Pennant hills, NSW, Australia, 2120
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Trading Hours

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Monday-Friday
07:00 AM 05:30 PM
Saturday 08:00 AM 12:30 PM
Sunday closed closed
Contact Person: Evan

Phone: 9481 0400
Fax: 9484 7303
Mobile: 0413806816

Car Mechanic in Pennant Hills
Epping Motors PTY LTD

Your Local Mechanic
Located On Pennant Hills Rd @ Pennant hills

Epping Motors
Have been Servicing the local communities cars for over twenty years
We Are An Authorised RTA Inspection Station

ALL MECHANICAL REPAIRS
Car Service & 4WD Service & Repairs
EFI service
Engine Tuning, Motor Repairs
Brakes and Clutch Service
Hybrid Car Service,
Diesel Car Service
Log Book Servicing, New Car Warranty Service,
Rego Inspections, E Safety Checks, Pink Slip Inspection,
Fleet Maintenance,
Wheel Alignment, Car Tyres Sold & Fitted,
Car Batteries,
Auto Electrician, Minor to Major Auto Electrical Work
Car & 4x4 Air Conditioning Service
Car Air Con Re gassing
Power Steering Repairs
Transmission Service & Repairs
Gearbox Repairs
Car & 4x4 Suspension Repairs
Car Muffler & Exhaust Repairs Or Replace
Car & 4WD Suspension & Shock Absorber Repairs
Car Radiator Repair, Car Cooling Systems
Water Hose Replacement

Cars We Service,
Alfa romeo, bmw, vw, volkswagon, mercedes benz, mg, lexus, jaguar, peogeut, peugeot, holden, ford, nissan, honda, hyundai, kia, mazda, jeep, mitsubishi, ferrari, porche, toyota, audi, citroen, saab,

Epping Motors Your Local Mechanic close to beecroft, west pennant hills, thornleigh, cherrybrook, normanhurst, epping, cheltenham, turramurra, wahroonga, st ives,

Disabled Access / Facilities

Providing pick up and delivery service